Rudiger has fallen down the pecking order under Blues manager Frank Lampard but he ultimately decided to stay and fight for his place.
The Germany international held positive talks with Spurs boss Jose Mourinho and looked set to leave Stamford Bridge.
However, he was concerned there would be a backlash from Chelsea fans over representing one of their biggest rivals, according to the Athletic.
Rudiger had also attracted interest from AC Milan, Roma and Barcelona but financial issues hampered those deals.
Paris Saint-Germain were also thought to be keen but no deal was struck.
PSG boss Thomas Tuchel was determined to add him to his squad but the club’s board decided against the deal.
So Rudiger will now stick around at Stamford Bridge and fight for his place.
With Rudiger opting to stay, Chelsea attempted to move on Fikayo Tomori.
He looked set for a move to West Ham but decided against joining David Moyes’ side.